Tips for passing Delta Module Two

When I contacted IH Mexico at the beginning of 2020, I certainly didn’t expect that I would have to wait more than a year and a half to be able to call myself a Delta-qualified teacher. I had already passed Module One and submitted Module Three, and I was looking forward to completing the last module. The pandemic threw a spanner into the works, so I had to be very patient, but in the end I managed to obtain the full diploma. If you are considering tackling Delta Module Two, I would like to share a few recommendations based on my experience.

Tips for passing Delta Module Two

Choose a course that suits you
There are various way of doing this module, ranging from six-week courses to distance options that take nine months to complete. You need to be 100% sure that the selected course is right for you since Module Two will require a lot of effort from your side.

I decided to go with IH Mexico’s three-month online course because it allowed me to continue working. In the first half of the course, I was teaching 21 hours per week from Monday to Saturday, and it was really challenging to combine it with my Delta work. Reducing my workload to 16 hours per week helped me focus on the last two assessed lessons. Doing the module this way wasn’t easy because I didn’t have a single day off for the duration of the course. In fact, I kept waking up at night thinking of my lessons, which wasn’t pleasant at all. I still think it was a good decision to take a shorter course because I managed to complete everything I was supposed to do.

The online options are convenient since you can do the course from the comfort of your home, but it’s really important to choose the right provider. I didn’t have to worry about huge time differences with IH Mexico, and I was also given access to a lot of books and articles. It would have been impossible to pass the course without relevant resources, so I recommend that you double check this with your provider before you pay the course fee.

It’s also important to clarify who your learners will be during the course. I chose to work with students provided by IH Mexico because my own classes at work started at a later date and I usually teach shorter courses, so it made more sense to work with the same group for the whole three months. I’d recommend working with your own students if you have that option, though. When you have to rely on your tutors, teaching partners, volunteer students, and technology, many things can go wrong. There were some issues related to my TPs, and I felt that it made an already difficult course even more stressful. Let’s just say that doing this module online has its drawbacks.

Make sure you know what you have to do
This is something I found extremely useful. You simply don’t want to waste time trying to figure out what exactly is expected from you. It’s very important to know what terms like PDA, LSA, and EP mean and when you are supposed to submit the documents. I highly recommend that you read the Delta handbook for tutors and candidates and familiarise yourself with the module. You can find a condensed version of the handbook with some good advice in Damian Williams’ book How to Pass Delta. If you are very ambitious and perhaps you’d like to achieve a Distinction grade, there is a lot of detailed information about the module on ELT Concourse. Blogs are another helpful source of information: Jim Fuller, Sandy Millin, Rachel Tsateri, and Lizzie Pinard have incredibly valuable content on their websites.

I understand that you may feel overwhelmed by the amount of information. There are a lot of requirements, word counts, and abbreviations that you need to remember, but it’s worth spending extra time doing your research. Being familiar with the structure of the course will make everything a little easier for you.

Read relevant books before the course
If you have some extra time, try to read as many books as you can before you start the course because you probably won’t have enough opportunities to do that when you are working on your LSAs; your reading will need to be much more selective. I have already mentioned some important titles in my posts about CELTA and Delta Module One. In addition, I read the following books in preparation for Module Two:

● Michael Lewis: The English Verb
This mind-blowing book made me reconsider the way I teach grammar. You can read my blog post about it here.

● John Field: Listening in the Language Classroom
This one was a game changer for me when it comes to teaching skills. Field criticises the traditional comprehension approach and suggests that we shouldn’t just test what the learners already know. It’s necessary to go much deeper and help the students improve their ability to employ various processes involved in listening. In short, this book will help you move beyond the CELTA way of teaching skills.

● David Nunan: Syllabus Design
During a Delta Module Two course, you are always expected to justify your choices. You also have to conduct a needs analysis at the beginning of the course. I don’t think this is a critical title for this module, but having knowledge of syllabus design will help you with writing certain sections of your lesson plans.

● Scott Thornbury: Uncovering Grammar
Teaching grammar can be done in a more creative way than by following the tedious PPP lesson framework. Seeing grammar as a process instead of treating it as building blocks that need to be ‘covered’ can help you deliver more effective and engaging lessons.

● Michael Lewis: The Lexical Approach
I didn’t actually teach a lesson on lexis during the course, but this book is about more than that. Michael Lewis was a prominent critic of the ELT industry, and his ideas influenced the way I see my role as a teacher.

● Paul Nation: Teaching ESL/EFL Reading and Writing
I needed to learn more about teaching skills, so I decided to read a book that deals with two of them at the same time. Nation’s book contains practical ideas for your teaching practice.

● Scott Thornbury: How to Teach Speaking
You know what you get from the How to… books, which are a good starting point for exploring the given area. Every lesson involves some speaking activities, so I found this book helpful for all of my LSAs.

● Scott Thornbury: Big Questions in ELT
This isn’t an essential title for the course, but I really enjoyed reading it. Scott Thornbury selected 21 topics from his blog and compiled them into a digital book. He tackles questions that come up all the time and shares some thought-provoking ideas. You can buy the ebook on Smashwords.

● Mike Long: Second Language Acquisition and Task-Based Language Teaching
Module Two LSAs aren’t exactly the right place for TBLT, so I read this book for my own development rather than to pass the Delta. Among other things, there is a lot of useful information on second-language acquisition, which is something that influences our teaching practice. You can read my blog post about this brilliant book here

● Luke Meddings & Scott Thornbury: Teaching Unplugged
I knew that I would choose Dogme for my Experimental Practice, and reading this book helped me prepare for my first lesson in which I wasn’t in full control of the content. I also read a lot of articles and blog posts about the Dogme movement in preparation for the EP assignment.

I don’t think it’s necessary to read these exact titles because there are plenty of great books by other authors. The point is to focus on areas that you need to find out more about so that you are ready for the course.

Be organised
You will work with a lot of information during the course, so it’s very useful to know where to find it. I organised all my materials into specific folders on my PC so that I could get what I needed in a matter of seconds. You really don’t want to waste time trying to locate something important that you need for your assignment.

It’s also necessary to mention that you will have to do a lot of writing. Teaching actually takes up only a small portion of Module Two, and you will spend a lot of time working on various written assignments. I believe that I had to submit at least 17 documents, which meant thousands of words and long appendices. I created templates in Microsoft Word with key requirements and word number limits, which helped me save time because I didn’t need to keep checking the handbook all the time.

Choose a good strategy
You have to teach four assessed lessons during Delta Module Two. Two assignments need to be on a system (grammar, lexis, phonology, or discourse), one on a receptive skill (listening or reading), and one on a productive skill (speaking or writing). In theory, you are free to do them in any order. IH Mexico chose a different approach and asked our group of trainees to do a grammar-based lesson first because it’s considered to be a ‘safe’ option, and then we focused on a receptive skill in LSA2. I think this was a pretty smart decision because the lessons were tied to the input sessions, which meant that we received plenty of relevant information in preparation for the assignments.

Thanks to passing the first two LSAs, I was able to experiment a little in LSA3. I decided to focus on phonology, and even though it wasn’t the best lesson ever, I passed it as well. LSA4 is the most important assignment that you can’t afford to fail, so I chose writing because I think it’s one of my strongest areas. It definitely makes sense to leave something you feel confident about for the last lesson, and my LSA4 went really well because my final Module Two grade was a Pass with Merit. IH Mexico’s decision to restrict the candidates’ choices in the first two LSAs proved to be very beneficial in my case. Your provider may run the course in a different way, but you will still need to make important decisions about the areas you wish to teach.

Don’t take feedback personally
Receiving negative comments on a draft of your essay from your tutor can be disheartening. Being told that some ideas in your lesson plan make no sense isn’t easy to take. However, it’s important to bear in mind that Delta tutors aim to make you a better teacher. I found the post-lesson feedback sessions particularly valuable since it’s something that never takes place in my daily teaching practice. Of course, the tutors had to tell me that some of my lesson stages weren’t good, but that’s how it should be. If you wish to improve as a teacher, you have to address your weaknesses. Delta Module Two isn’t meant to be an enjoyable experience, and I definitely wouldn’t want to do the course again. Nevertheless, I am very happy that I decided to take this module because it pushed me to learn more about teaching, and now I feel much more confident in my abilities.

Review: 100+ Professional Development Tips for Post-CELTA Teachers

When I was writing my post on the shortcomings of CELTA, I was delighted to receive a notification about a new ebook dedicated to professional development of newly-certified teachers. The book was written by Pete Clements, the author of the excellent blog ELT Planning. He has posted many reviews of books, apps, and other resources on his website, so I was curious to see what his own product looks like.

100+ professional development tips for post-CELTA teachers

100+ Professional Development Tips for Post-CELTA Teachers can be bought for 4 US dollars on Amazon or Smashwords (UPDATE: The book is now available for free!). I chose to get it from the latter because I have already purchased several books through the website. In his ebook, Clements recommends other self-published titles such as Sandy Millin’s ELT Playbook 1 and Phil Wade and Anthony Gaughan’s Teach Reflect Develop: A Month of Reflective Teaching Activities (this one is for free as well). I find the idea of publishing an ebook really intriguing because I guess it feels a little more serious compared to blogging. At the moment I don’t feel ready for that, but maybe I’ll explore this option at some point in the future.

It seems that the book is available only in the EPUB format at the moment. I’d prefer to have the option to download it as a PDF file because that would make it a little more convenient to read on a PC. You can use one of many free online converters to help you change the file type, so it’s not a big deal. When it comes to the book itself, there are no unnecessary gimmicks and it’s all about the content, so let’s take a look at what you can find there.

At first, Clements suggests checking out some useful resources. It’s nice to see Scott Thornbury’s book About Language among the recommended titles because there isn’t enough time to study grammar on the CELTA course, and that book will help you gain more knowledge in the area. There are also plenty of links to helpful blogs, Facebook groups, podcasts, etc. In addition, the author provides a few tips for developing on the job.

Most of the ebook comprises practical tips for your teaching practice. For example, there are useful sub-skills and strategies that you can teach in a conversation class (e.g. backchannelling, hedging, and vague language). The author also mentions helpful techniques for building speaking confidence with teenage students, which is sometimes challenging even for experienced teachers. Other sections extend the knowledge gained on the CELTA course in relation to classroom organisation and whiteboard work.

There is also a chapter dedicated to writing formal lesson plans. While that ability is undoubtedly important when taking a course with assessed teaching practice, I wonder how often teachers in entry-level positions actually have to do that. When I landed my first proper job, I was relieved to find out that I didn’t need to produce detailed CELTA-style lesson plans in my day-to-day practice! Yes, it’s important to consider many aspects of the lesson you are about to teach, but I think this topic could have been made a little less daunting by emphasising that you don’t need to write everything down when you plan your lessons. When it comes to being observed, I’d recommend sticking to the lesson plan template provided by the employer or course provider in order to avoid getting bogged down with trying to include as much information as possible.

My favourite part of the ebook deals with teaching pronunciation. Novice teachers often struggle with this area due to not receiving sufficient training. Understanding phonology requires a lot of studying from the teacher’s side, and gaining confidence to use that knowledge in the classroom takes some time. Clements provides some pretty cool ideas and pronunciation activities. Of course, it’s important to go beyond individual phonemes and focus on features such as connected speech or sentences stress since they play a crucial role in terms of intelligibility.

If you are familiar with the ELT Planning blog, you’ll know what to expect from the ebook. The author’s writing style makes everything clear and easy to follow. When you read the book, you feel like you are receiving useful advice from a supportive experienced colleague, which is exactly what newly-certified teachers need. I highly recommend this title to those who have recently started teaching. I wish I had read something like this immediately after finishing my CELTA because I spent the following 18 months learning to teach through trial and error, and it took me a long time to discover resources that pointed me in the right direction.

As the author himself points out, 100+ Professional Development Tips for Post-CELTA Teachers isn’t a comprehensive guide. For example, I think that newly-qualified teachers would also benefit from learning more about teaching listening skills or working with children. The ebook doesn’t explicitly deal with online teaching either even though being able to do that is now part of our professional lives. Clements suggests that this could be the beginning of a series, and I hope that he publishes more titles on professional development. New teachers don’t always receive enough support from their employer, so looking for advice elsewhere is a very good idea. I believe that reading this kind of publications can help them a lot in the first few years of their career.